Melasma is one of the most prominent skin problems in the world. It is very common and affects millions of people worldwide.
Sun exposure is the most common Melasma causes. Ultraviolet rays stimulate melanocyte cells to produce melanin (pigment) which produces dark spots on the skin. The sun can spark the dark spots on skin to return after fading.
Melasma appears on three different patterns on the face:
On the centre of the face known as Centro-facial. This is the most common occurrence of the dark skin spots as it appears on the upper lip, chin, forehead, cheeks and nose.
The malar patterns are identified by Melasma on the upper cheeks.
Dark spots on the jaw are known as the mandibular pattern.
Melasma can also be found on other parts of the body including the upper sides of the neck and forearms.
Although it isn’t harmful, it can cause embarrassment and distress. In fact, it can have substantial emotional, psychological and social repercussions in the patients’ lives. Avoiding people and social events is the first reaction of these patients as they are ashamed of their skin and the way the look.
Underestimating this issue can be catastrophic!
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